Batroun – Basbina
Coordinates: 34°.14’.12” N 35°.42’.26” E
Soil: Clay, Sand, Limestone (limestone white crack)
Grape Variety: Syrah, Petit Verdot
Basbina is located 7km from the city of Batroun and 60 km from Beirut. The local vineyard is the jewel of the estate embraced by the Seigniorial House and Winery. Close by is the ancient, now abandoned, village of Basbina, currently being redeveloped by IXSIR. Basbina has evidence of an ancient involvement in viticulture that dates back to the dawn of civilization.
During the Byzantine Era, the coastal city of Batroun was known as Botrus (pronounced bot’-ris), which is Greek for grape. The Port of Botrus, which is still in existence today, was the grape and wine export hub of the Mediterranean during the Phoenician Era and beyond. Botrus was among the first to have produced its own currency. One of the earliest coins had the impression of a grape cluster on one of its sides, symbolizing the importance of this produce to the local economy and regional trade.
Coordinates: 34°.11’.34” N 36°.05’.39” E
Soil: Shell Limestone with Clay
Grape variety: Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon and Caladoc
Located 96km from the Winery in Basbina, Ainata is the highest vineyard in Lebanon. Nestled in the Shadows of Lebanon’s highest peak, the vines enjoy a continental climate with snow cover throughout the winter. Ainata’s viticultural heritage is unrecorded, but dates back centuries with IXSIR proudly reinvigorating the area with its current 19-hectare cultivation.
Deir El Ahmar:
Coordinates: 34°.07’.30” N 36°.09’.08” E
Soil: Ferralitic Gravelly Clay Lime
Grape Variety: Arinarnoa, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah and Tempranillo
The Deir El Ahmar vineyard, which is located 112 km from the Winery in Basbina, is nurtured on rich red clay soil. The town’s winemaking history goes back to the Roman Era and possibly even before, where during the third century A.D the Roman emperor Caracalla, built a temple for Jupiter in the vicinity of the village. The Deir El Ahmar name translates to ‘Red Monastery’, believed to have been built by early Christian monks using the clay from the region atop the ruins of a Roman Temple.
Coordinates: 33°.53’.58” N 35°.57’.57” E
Grape Variety: Syrah
Located 156km from the winery in Basbina, the Vineyard in Niha lays on the hillside of one of the Bekaa valley’s oldest villages. Known for its Roman temples that date back to the 1st century A.D, Niha is renowned for its rich calcareous soil, which makes it an exemplary place to cultivate Syrah. The viticultural heritage of Niha is unrecorded; however, archaeological evidence suggests the village’s involvement in winemaking predates the Roman presence in the region.
Coordinates: 33°.47’.56” N 35°.48’.16” E
Soil: Clay and Limestone
Grape Variety: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Chardonnay, Semillon, Sauvignon and Muscat
Located 93km from the Winery in Basbina, the vineyards of Kab Elias are located in the towering hills overlooking the West Bekaa. A diverse soil provides the ability to successfully cultivate a wide variety of grapes. A continental climate delivers snow cover in the winter and cool summer nights. Kab Elias is the gate to the West Bekaa and is known to be the agricultural economic hub of the region.
Coordinates: 33°.33’.07” N 35°.35’.35” E
Soil: Calcareous Clay, Limestone Rock Crack
Grape Variety: Syrah
Located 131km from the winery in Basbina, the Jezzine vineyard stands on the spectacular Azzibe estate. Six hectares of terraces erected almost a century ago, to make best use of the limited space, defy the slope and maximize yield. The Southern town of Jezzine prides itself on its rich and eventful history, however, it is currently known worldwide for its cutlery industry, where for the past 240 years, the Haddad and other families of the region have been crafting unique pieces of cutting art that have become synonymous with Jezzine.